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Catalog Number 2000.001.0062A
Object Name Print, Photographic
Description Grayscale photograph of a woman with dark hair, center parted and pulled back above her ears. She is wearing a dark dress with buttons down the front. A white scarf is at the neck and is it softly tied in a full knot. She is unsmiling.

See ee 62 for a photo of Mrs. Lehr.
Number of images 1
Date ca 1860
Title Lehr, Jacob Mrs.
Collection Carpenter - Mrs. Lehr, Jacob
Accession number 2000.001.
People Lehr, Jacob Mrs.
Notes Jacob Lehr, carpenter and president of Workingmen's Benevolent Society, organized 1852.

1860 Belleville City Street Directory:
Philip Lehr, foreman. P. Reisenberger, furniture dealer (no residence given!)
Jacob P. Carpenter, res e side High between Washington and Franklin (Now East C & D Sts?)
I. Lehr, hats & caps. N side Main between Spring and Richland (no residence given!)

Exhibit Material:

The early formation of "United Brethren" groups and "Equality Lodges" in Belleville indicate the desire for workingmen and artisans to come together for mutual benefit and for social and eventually, political purposes.

Early workingmen organizations taught the organizational skills, self discipline and ideals needed to found and sustain labor organizations of the 1880s. (German Workers Culture in the US 1850-1920 by Hartmut Keil)

The sheer numbers of German skilled workers encouraged to come to Belleville by German revolutionaries and German capitalists alike contributed to the early development of Belleville as a regional manufacturing center.

WORKERS ASSOCIATIONS FAILED IN GERMANY....THEY THRIVED IN AMERICA...

WHO WERE THEY AND WHERE DID THEY MEET??

Equality Lodge #240 organized prior to 1850.
Lodge met at Mauterer's Hall at the corner of E. Main and Mascoutah Ave was expanded and became Tieman's Hotel in 1862,

1860 Belleville Street Directory:
J. W. Mullen W.C.T.
J. Thoma, printer W.S.
J. Thoma, blacksmith D.G.W.C.T.
Miss Gibbins, Treasurer

Workingmen's Benevolent Society organized 1852
In 1860 Jacob Lehr, Carpenter served as President
In 1877 Adam Dinges, Machinist, served as President

Their 1860 meeting hall was the Republican House, SE corner Illinois and 2nd South (now E. Lincoln St.)

B.A.O.D. (German) Illinois Grove #1 Organized 1855
1877 Mathias Buesch, Saloon Keeper E.G.
Henry Heberer U.W.

Illinois Grove #1 met at the Keil Building on E. Main St.

The 1877 Belleville City Street Directory lists 15 Workingmen and Benevolent Societies plus a club in West Belleville. This represents an expansion from five in 1860 the date of the first city directory.