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Catalog Number 2000.001.0042
Object Name Print, Photographic
Description Sepia-tone photograph of two people seated side be side in separate chairs. Man at left has on a jacket and pants that appear to be of handmade wool and the jacket is a bit darker than the pants. He is wearing a white shirt and a very small "something" at the neck.-- possibly a multi-colored knot. His hair is curly and rather short. His knees are crossed and his hands are crossed on his knees.

The woman is dressed in a long dress with an apron of contracting color but it appears to be part of the dress because there are two bands of trim on the apron and the dress. The dress has long sleeves which are a bit full. The dress is fitted at the waits and has a long flat solid color bow at the neck. The dress also appears to have been hand made. The woman's hair is pulled back and parted at the center.

The man is seated very straight but the woman is leaning into him a bit.
Number of images 2
Date ca 1860
Photographer J. N. Strickmaker
Title Penn, Worden P. and wife Mary
Collection Inventor - Manufacturer - Penn, Worden P. and wife, Mary
Accession number 2000.001.
People Penn, Worden P.
Penn, Mary (wife)
Notes 1823- Inventor of agricultural equipment

Parents: Shadrack and Miranda Penn of Louisville, KY and St. Louis, MO

St. Louis Public Library: 071.TAFT: Missouri newspapers, William H. Taft p35:
In October , 1841 Shadrack Penn from Louisville KY, and V. P. Van Antwerp from Iowa Territory, purchased the ARGUS changing its name to the Missouri Reporter. In 1846 the Missouri Reporter was merged with the Missourian and renamed the St. Louis Union newspaper. This was a political move to consolidate the city's democratic papers. The Union was the direct ancestor of the St. Louis Globe Democrat.

Encyclopedia of the History of St. Louis by William Hyde 1899 (VOL 3, p 1717
977.866 Shadrack Penn, Journalist born near Frederich MD 1790 died at
St. Louis 6/15/1846

Worden P. Penn appears in both the St. Clair County, IL census for 1850 and the St. Louis, MO 1850 census.

St. Clair County Marriages??
Advocate newspaper 4/20/1853: Worden Penn md Mary Margaret McNiley of Tennessee (1870 census indicates Pennsylvania)

1860 St. Clair County Census Index, p 278 Family Record # 2880
Worden P. 37 KY; Mary M 24 TN; children born IL: Samuel A 7, Shadrack 5,
Josephine 2 (1870 St. Clair County Census includes additional children)

Also in the 1860 Census Index is Penn's mother, Miranda, 64 VA (Family record # 3279)

1860 Belleville City Street Directory: Worden P. Penn, Agent for the sale of Agricultural Equipment. N side Main, E of High, res W side High, between 1st and 2nd S

US Patent Records available at St. Louis Public Library indicate that Worden P.
Penn received 20 patents for improvements in seed drills, harvesters, rakes and horsepowers. between 1859 and 1869.

1868 Belleville City Street Directory: Worden P. Penn (Penn & Cobb) residence se corner Jackson and s 3rd.
Penn & Cobb (WP Penn & FH Cobb) Agric. Machines, cor Main & Church
See Advertisement in directory

1877 Belleville City Directory: Worden Penn, no occup, 312 1/2 E. Main and
Worden Penn Jr, machinist, and Michael Penn, machinist, res 312 1/2 E. Main

The 1870 St. Clair County Census Index p 273 (family # 1471) indicates Worden Jr. birthdate as 1861

The 1884 Belleville City Street Directory does not have a listing for the Worden P. Penn family.

1886 US Patent Records indicate a patent issued to Warden P Penn of St. Louis, MO. See # 336,427, Grain Drill

NOTE: Exhibit Material: Confusion begins with the Penn family listed in both the St. Louis, MO and the St. Clair County, IL census for 1850. Worden Penn was a machinist, mechanic and inventor and the son of Shadrack Penn, a prominent Louisville, KY and St. Louis, MO newspaper editor. Between 1859 and 1869, Worden Penn of Belleville, IL received 20 patents for improvements in seed drills, harvesters, rakes and most importantly -- horsepowers. His inventions were manufactured in Belleville and he entered into numerous business partnerships for the sale of agricultural equipment.

EXHIBIT MATERIAL: Worden Penn was a machinist, mechanic, and inventor and the son of a prominent Louisville, KY and St. Louis, MO newspaper editor. It has not been determined is Worden's uncle was John Penn of St. Clair County and Belleville who amassed a fortune in real estate and farmland. Between 1859 and 1869 Penn received 20 patents for improvements in seed drills, harvesters, rakes and most importantly, Horse Powers. His inventions were manufactured and he entered into numerous business partnerships for the sale of agricultural equipment. Finally, in 1860, he owned a business house on E. Main St. east of N. High St. The 1860 Street Directory indicates he had a salesman and a machinist on staff. In 1862, at the age of 39 and the same week his mother died, he sold out to J. B. Rentchler but remained in Belleville. l In 1868 he was associated with Penn & Cobb at the corner of Main and Church Sts. and the next directory, 1877, lists him at 312 1/2 E. Main along with his sons, Worden Jr. and Michael, both machinists. No occupation is listed for Worden Sr. Has he retired? The 1884 Directory has no listings for the Worden Penn family. There are no news articles on this man or his family. There is no probated unprobated will. Here is a man who had extraordinary gifts, who supported and raised his family, but we know nothing of him -- truly a common man who enriched our lives beyond measure, who eased the burden of the working man but lived in obscurity.